Could dinosaurs be the explanation humans can't live to be 200?

Could dinosaurs be the explanation humans can't live to be 200?
18 March 2024 J.W.H

All people get old. It is an element of our biology and limits our lifespan to only over 120 years.

Not all animals age during their lives. Some animals' bodies don’t regularly degenerate with age as our bodies do.

However, for people, after the age of about 30, the danger of death doubles roughly every eight years. So even in the event you are lucky enough to live to the age of 100, your risk of dying can be high annually.

This high mortality rate reflects many other health problems, comparable to lack of muscle mass and general weakness, cognitive decline, lack of vision and hearing, and lots of other degenerative changes that characterize the human aging process.

And the explanation why humans age a lot would be the incontrovertible fact that our ancestors evolved within the times of dinosaurs.

Compared to other mammals, humans live long lives. We have the longest lifespan of any land mammal, and of all mammals, probably only whales outlive us. I say “probably” since the animals have to be kept in captivity to conduct detailed lifespan studies, which is virtually unattainable for whales resulting from their size and longevity.

We know that whale and dolphin species experience menopause, and that every one mammals experience decline in reproductive capability as they age. In fact, all mammals studied show physiological aging and increased mortality with age, despite the fact that some species – comparable to mice and voles – age much faster than others – comparable to humans, whales and elephants.

However, many species of reptiles, amphibians and fish don’t show signs of aging. Examples include tortoises and tortoises, salamanders, and rockfish.

One study of 77 species of reptiles and amphibians, published within the journal Science in 2022, found that many species of reptiles and amphibians didn’t experience an age-related increase in mortality. It's as if these animals didn't age in any respect. Some of those animals, comparable to turtles, likely live longer than humans.

Perhaps if we study these seemingly ageless species long enough, they may show signs of aging. Good luck studying animals just like the Greenland shark, which is estimated to have a lifespan of virtually 400 years.

For now, not less than we will say that amongst reptiles, amphibians and fish, some species not only live longer than the longest-living mammals, but additionally age much slower. Additionally, a few of these non-senescent species proceed to grow throughout their lives, which implies that older females lay more eggs, which is again a stark contrast to what happens in mammals.

These animals die mainly in consequence of being eaten by predators and diseases. Indeed, most animals within the wild don’t die of old age, and naturally, until the twentieth century, most humans died of infectious diseases.

Some reptiles, amphibians and fish are also known for his or her ability to regenerate tissue.

Pressure on mammals

Amphibians evolved from fish about 370 million years ago, and reptiles evolved from amphibians about 50 million years later. Then, about 250–300 million years ago, mammals evolved from reptiles.

We are all products of evolution, as we see in relics comparable to the coccyx. Our evolutionary history can have a profound impact on modern times. For example, humans retain evolutionary traits from when our ancestors roamed the savannah that now not fit the trendy world, from cravings for sugar to behaviors that result in prejudice.

About 200 million years ago, massive volcanic eruptions worn out 76% of marine and terrestrial species. Later, dinosaurs became the dominant predators on land. To survive and avoid extinction by dinosaurs, mammals became small, nocturnal and short-lived.

Our ancestors of that point were in no way like us. They were more like voles and mice, little animals that got here out at nighttime to catch insects. Under pressure from dinosaurs, mammalian ancestors needed to breed quickly, just as mice and rats do today. And like mice, rats and voles, our ancestors lived short lives.

For 100 million years, in the course of the time of the dinosaurs, mammals were at or near the underside of the food chain. Mammals were more prone to be prey than predators. At that point, there was no reason for mammals to retain processes and genes related to long life, comparable to DNA repair and tissue regeneration systems.

My longevity bottleneck hypothesis assumes that repair and regeneration systems were lost, mutated, or deactivated by the evolution of early mammals. This imposed biological constraints that proceed to shape how mammals age to this present day.

After the dinosaurs became extinct when an asteroid hit the Earth 66 million years ago, mammals conquered the world. An astonishing diversity of species has evolved with various lifespans. Some species, comparable to humans, took a protracted time to evolve, but they may achieve this under certain constraints, a legacy from the time of the dinosaurs.

Why dinosaurs modified something

We can guess by species that weren’t subject to the identical evolutionary pressures as early mammals.

For example, the tuatara, a reptile endemic to New Zealand, may seem like a lizard, but it surely diverged from snakes and lizards about 250 million years ago. It is usually called a “living fossil” due to its slow evolution.

Tuataras are thought to live for greater than 100 years and age much slower than humans, a 2022 DNA study found. They can have retained their anti-aging genes, unlike even the longest-lived mammals.

Our lifespan could also be limited resulting from our evolutionary history.

Joao Pedro de Magalhaes, Department of Molecular Biogerontology, University of Birmingham

This article has been republished from Conversation under Creative Commons license. Read original article.

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  • J.W.H

    About John:

    John Williams is a Reincarnationist paranormal Intuitive freelance writer...he is living proof of reincarnation existence, through his personal exploration, he has confirmed its authenticity through visits to the very lands where these events transpired.

    Through guided meditation/s using hemi-sync technology he has managed to recollect 3 previous lives to his own, that go back to the Mid to Late 19th century.

    JWH - "You are the GODS! - Inclusion of the Eternal Light of Love and you shall never die”.

    “Death is Just the Beginning of Life”